Word Family - Witch

Halloween Bonus Family


Bonus word family for Halloween by special request from my 4 year old: "witch".


witch, , victim

Full Text

  • Proto-Indo-European *weyk- to separate, to choose, to consecrate
    • Proto-Indo-European *wiknéh₂-ti
      • Germanic *wikkōną
        • West Germanic *wikkōną
          • Old English wiċċian
            • English (be)witch
          • Frankish *wikkon
          • Old High German *wikkōn
            • German wicken
          • West Germanic *wikkô
            • Old English wiċċa
              • English witch
              • Scots wich witch
              • English Wicca
                • Middle English wicke
                  • English wicked
            • Old High German wicko
              • Middle High German wicker soothsayer, magician
    • Proto-Indo-European *wenéyk-ti transitive imperfective
      • Indo-Iranian
        • Indo-Aryan
          • Sanskrit विनक्ति vinakti to separate, to discern, to judge
    • Proto-Indo-European *weyko-s chosen, consecrated
      • Germanic *wīhaz holy, consecrated
        • East Germanic
          • Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌷𐍃 weihs holy, sacred
        • West Germanic
          • Old High German wīh
            • German weih-
              • German Weihnachten Christmas lit. "Holy Night"
              • German Weihwasser holy water
          • West Germanic *wīharaukiz incense lit. "holy smoke"
            • Frankish *wīrōk
              • Dutch wierook incense
            • Old High German wīhrouh incense
              • German Weihrauch incense
        • Germanic *wīhijaną to hallow, to consecrate
          • East Germanic
            • Gothic 𐍅𐌴𐌹𐌷𐌰𐌽 weihan to hallow, to consecrate
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse vígja
              • Danish vie to devote, to dedicate, to wed
              • Icelandic vígja to consecrate, to inaugurate, to ordain
              • Old Swedish vighia
                • Swedish viga to wed, to devote
                • Finnish vihkiä to wed, to ordain, to consecrate, to devote, to inaugurate
          • West Germanic
            • Frankish *wīen
              • Dutch wijden to dedicate, to inaugurate, to bless
                • Dutch wijwater holy water
            • Old High German wīhen
              • German weihen to consecrate, to ordain
        • Germanic *wīhą holy place or thing
          • North Germanic
            • Old Norse shrine
            • Old Norse one of the brothers of Odin [1]
          • West Germanic
            • Old English wēoh idol, image
              • Old English wēofod altar
    • Proto-Indo-European *wikmós the act of choosing, that which was chosen
      • Italic
        • Latin victima sacrifice, sacrificial victim
          • Western Romance
            • Italian vittima victim
          • French victime victim
            • English victim
          • Spanish víctima victim
          • Latin victimō I offer as sacrifice
            • Eastern Romance
              • Romanian a vătăma to injure, to damage


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Collected English words

(be)witch, witch, Wicca, wicked, victim


  1. ^

    Old Norse Óðinn, Vili, and correspond to Common Germanic *Wōdanaz, *Wiljô, and *Wīhą or Proto-Norse *Wódinr, *Wili, and *Wé. The three alliterate in the older forms, but the /w/ in *Wōdin is absorbed by the rounded vowel (compare: https://www.facebook.com/wordfamilyfriday/posts/1610035855743440)

    *Wódinr, *Wili, and *Wé are understood then to form a triad of god-given aspects of the human mind: ecstasy, will, and divine presence.